Remember when you read that water from Massachusetts can get into the Indian Ocean?
Well, this can happen when water in Massachusetts evaporates, condenses into rain clouds, travels to India, and turns into precipitation! Cool, right?
How does the water cycle affect climate?
- Climate consists of the characteristics of weather over an extended time, such as periods of months, years, or even decades. Average temperatures, wind velocity, and levels of participation have huge affects on climate.
- Weather is the state of the atmosphere with respect to heat or cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or cloudiness.
- The last Ice Age was characterized by a long period of extreme cold. During this time, most of the water on Earth was in its frozen form. Much of Earth's freshwater was captured in the glaciers that covered North America. As the climate warmed and the glaciers melted and receded, they deposited water into many of the lakes and wetlands that exist today.
- El Niño is the warming of large amounts of water in the Pacific Ocean. La Niña is the cooling of large amounts of water in the Pacific Ocean. Together they can have great effects on the weather.
- What is the climate like where you live? Discuss this with your classmates.
Click here for a fun worksheet to color and review vocabulary about the water cycle!